Brown discharge instead of Period – Reasons Explained

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Brown blood instead of period on birth control

Each and every living organism is different in the way their body functions. There is a different pattern followed by the body making it unique. However, it is not just the biology that you need to understand but the way it works is also extremely important. This is usually referred to as ladies problem that is termed for the menstrual cycle. There is a number of issues faced due to mensuration cycle such as irregular period, heavy bleeding, brown discharge instead of a period etc.

When a lady is going through her mensuration cycle, she faces a lot of trouble such as cramps, blood, heavy flow, and the list goes on. However, the thing that made them anxious is brown blood on the first day. The things turn more stressful for her when she starts to overthink the situation such as “Brown Discharge Instead of Period – Could I Be Pregnant?”. First of all no need to worry, let us go through some important factors for the brown discharge.

What exactly is Brown Discharge?

It is the vaginal discharge that often occurs on daily basis and not specifically during the period. Even if it is during the period, you need to understand that it is just old blood. Sometimes, the old blood didn’t come out in the previous cycle then it is split off in the next uterus cycle which made it appear brown. There are different reasons for it as well that differ for a pregnant lady and not pregnant.

Brown Discharge During Pregnancy:

During the pregnancy, a lady undergoes the light spotting or discharge as a sign of pregnancy. However, only 20 per cent of women suffer this spotting while others don’t. Brown discharge instead of a period is due to the implantation bleeding when the fertilised egg dens up in the uterus lining. It can go for over 2 weeks after the fertilisation of the egg.

Brown Discharge When Not Pregnant:

There is a number of reasons for brown discharge when a lady is not pregnant such as:

  • At the beginning of the mensuration cycle where the brown discharge will be light.
  • Blood discharge after few days of mensuration cycle. Hence, it is a dark brown discharge instead of a period.
  • The pinkish brown ovulation spotting.
  • The vaginal exam or pap smear test

If you are of the age 40 to 50 and still wondering “Why is my period blood brown?” then the reason is simple. It is the sign of perimeno pause. It is the situation that happens just before a lady experience the menopause situation.

Serious Causes of Brown Period Blood

Above mentioned causes are the common one that can happen anytime and is not a being deal. However, this situation is not something that you can ignore since there is a number of serious problems that can arise. Few of the symptoms will include:

Sexually Transmitted Disease

It is not always the case but there are instances that you will face the sexually transmitted disease (STD) problem of having brown blood discharge. The main problems are Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. However, don’t skip to the problem. There are many other symptoms as well that can guarantee it for you:

  • Smelly discharge
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Painful sex

If you are sexually active, then it is better to get checked beforehand only to avoid any problem. You don’t have to worry as there are STDs that can be treated easily while other might involve serious treatment. It will include an antibiotics treatment.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Another reason for brown period blood is uterus or cervix infection. The other symptoms of PID will be:

  • Painful sex
  • Lower abdomen and pelvic pain
  • Smelly discharge
  • Fever
  • Burning sensation while urinating

It is essential to get it treated as soon as possible to avoid any future complications.

Cervical Cancer

The rarest case disease that is faced due to brown blood is cervical cancer. It is only around 0.6 per cent as per the National Cancer Institute all through the life. The other symptoms will include;

  • Bleeding after sexual activities
  • Painful sex
  • Longer and heavier periods

If you are confused about it then it is essential to speak to a doctor. Pap test is the main test done by the doctor for cervical cancer. This test helps in detecting the abnormal cells that reside in the cervix.

PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

It can even be a hormonal imbalance that is termed as PCOS. You will experience light irregular bleeding in such situations. There are other symptoms of PCOS that must be considered:

  • No periods
  • Irregular mensuration cycle
  • Excessive hairs on body and face
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Oily or acne skin
  • Pain in pelvic
  • Not getting pregnant even after trying
  • Discoloured skin or dark patches

According to NIH – National Institutes of Health, PCOS is not a unique condition. If you consider an average then there are around 8 to 25 per cent of women that can still reproduce to have PCOS.

When to meet the doctor and Things to Avoid

Encountering dark brown discharge instead of the period doesn’t necessarily require a doctor trip. However, it is better to get in touch with the doctor to make sure that you don’t have any serious problem. If you feel any of the following things then make a doctor’s visit as soon as possible.

  • Continuous bleeding for several days.
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Bad smell
  • Cramping or pain
  • Vaginal itching

The most irritating sign during the brown discharge will be a foul smell. This will increase if any of the foreign objects are left in the vagina for a longer period of time. The objects will include condoms, tampons, contraceptive rings and vaginal contraceptives (cervical caps, diaphragms, or sponges). Hence if you see brown discharge with bad smell then it is better to visit the doctor as soon as possible.

Final Thoughts and Should I be worried?

There is no special treatment of dark brown discharge since it is extremely normal. However, additional symptoms can make the matter worse for you. Hence, it is better to get it checked before moving further. Even if you have reached the menopause stage and still have dark discharge then get it checked to avoid the serious condition.

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